In school and in the workplace an individual’s abilities are grouped into the general categories of soft skills vs hard skills. Let’s look at the difference between these two skill sets. Try out profit singularity ultra edition.
Soft Skills vs Hard Skills Examples
Hard skills are learned through school or on-the-job training. These skills are specific to a particular job. For example:
- A hard skill for a cashier is using a cash register.
- A hard skill for a teacher would be lesson planning.
- A hard skill for an electrician would be the ability to use specialized tools and machines.
Every job requires an individual to have a particular set of hard skills in order to perform their duties.
Soft skills are non-specialized skills that may be useful no matter what an individual does for a living. You may also hear them referred to as “transferable skills” because you can transfer them from one job to another. Soft skills are often used in everyday situations as well, not just in the workplace. Examples of soft skills include:
- The ability to work with a team
- Communicating with others effectively and efficiently
- Time management
- Problem solving
As you can see, soft skills can be used in a variety of everyday situations. That’s the greatest difference between soft skills vs hard skills. The ability to use a cash register is really only useful while working as a cashier, whereas the ability to multitask is useful at just about every job.
As you may also gather from the above soft skills and hard skills list, while the two sets of skills are different from one another they are both necessary to be successful on the job.
Developing Soft Skills vs Hard Skills
Hard skills are more objective and concrete that soft skills. That means that once you learn how to do a particular task you would then possess that skill. Soft skills, on the other hand, are more difficult to develop. They are not learned through training sessions, rather, they are acquire over time by practicing them in the real world with other people.
Hard skills are easy to measure, as employers can get a fairly good idea of an individual’s hard skills by looking at their education, previous work experience, and certifications. Soft skills are more difficult to evaluate as they cannot be simply communicated through a cover letter or resume. Employers typically cannot evaluate soft skills without going through a job interview, or seeing how an individual performs during their first few weeks on the job.
One thing that soft skills and hard skills have in common is that a particular skill may come naturally to some people, while others do not have such an easy time with them. So an individual should not be discouraged if he or she feels they don’t possess a particular soft skill. Just as a teacher can become more efficient at lesson planning over time, a person can also become more efficient at multitasking over time.
Another way to understand soft skills is by comparing them to executive functioning skills, as they are all technically soft skills. Executive functioning skills are learned in the same way as soft skills, they are not easy to evaluate, and they take time to develop. Like executive functioning skills, soft skills are also versatile and transferable from school, to work, to social situations, and to independence at home. For example — skills like pacing, self monitoring, taking initiative, and prioritization can be used at various times throughout one’s life.
By contrast, hard skills are specialized abilities and difficult to transfer outside of the situations in which they’re most useful. Cooking is a great hard skill to have, but it’s only useful when you’re in the kitchen preparing meals. Knowing how to build a computer is another skill that, while nice to have, is not something that can be transferred to other tasks.
That brings us to another term you may be familiar with — generalization. In terms of acquiring skills , generalization is the concept of using past learning in present situations. It allows people to transfer knowledge across multiple situations. This is something everyone can relate to, and it is directly tied to both soft skills and executive functioning skills. Take self monitoring and editing, for example. You may discover, in various situations, that using manners such as “please” and “thank you” evokes a more positive response than omitting those words. Knowing that, you would become conscious of using good manners more often.
By now you should have a better idea of the differences between soft skills vs hard skills. Believe it or not, one way to evaluate a child’s soft skills and hard skills is through fun activities like computer games. We encourage you to introduce your son or daughter to Identifor’s unique selection of games, which can help identify the strengths in their skill sets.
Think of a person who can focus on a task for hours; recall obscure trivia facts; is always late to everything. These individuals have differing mastery of their Executive Functions.
Executive function skills refer to the mental processes that allow us to make plans, focus our attention, remember instructions, and multitask. You can think of EF skills as the brain’s filter for removing distractions, and allowing us to prioritize tasks, achieve goals, and control impulses.
Effective coordination and control of EFs allows one to take in and process information, plan actions, and execute on those plans. Conversely, ineffective mastery of EFs result in behaviors that lead to difficulties in school and work environments.
Encouraging the development of executive function skills at an early age is critical for your child’s learning and development. EF skills also play a role in enabling good behavior and making healthy choices. There are special professionals that can go to your home and do a consult to understand what is going on with your children also with you can do the same home care visits with professionals for the senior citizens. Learn more about amarose skin tag remover.
George McCloskey, a leading researcher, practitioner and lecturer in the field of EF, developed with his colleagues the “Holarchical Model of Executive Functions” (HMEF), which explains the five different levels of executive control. Among the five levels, our focus is on “Self-Regulation” – the 33 separate EFs that can be grouped into 7 clusters, some of which are:
- Attention cluster: Perceive, focus, sustain.
- Engagement: Energize, initiate, stop, etc.
- Memory cluster: Hold, store, retrieve, etc.
- Solution cluster: Generate, plan, prioritize, etc.
Go to the Executive Function page or download Identifor’s EF Primer to learn more.
Executive Function Skills Really Begin Developing At Age 3-5
According to tests that measure different forms of executive function skills, results say that these skills begin to develop shortly after birth. Tests revealed the prime window for development of executive function skills is around ages 3-5. These skills continue to develop into early adulthood.
It’s important for parents to know that children are not inherently born with executive function skills. However, every child is born with the ability to develop them. It’s up to parents to provide children with the proper environment and activities to nurture these skills, otherwise development can be delayed or impaired altogether.
Providing the support children need to build EF skills at home is critical for proper development. It’s necessary to develop these skills at home while the child is young so they’re adequately prepared to perform these skills when they’re not under parental supervision, like at school or playing amongst their peers.
Parents can help encourage the development of a child’s EF skills in a number of ways, including:
- Establishing routines
- Modeling social behavior
- Creating and maintaining supportive, reliable relationships.
In addition, it’s also important that the child have opportunities to exercise the development of EF skills through creative activities and social interactions.
Games For Assessing Executive Function Skills
One of those creative activities to assess your child’s skills can be games. Yes, games. Here you can find games that are not only fun, but are designed to assess EF skills. Let your child browse through our game selection and we’re sure they’ll find their next favorite game in no time.
Our games are a great, easily accessible solution that assess your’s EF skills while he/she is having fun at the same time. They have been specially designed to collect lots of data on how the player make decisions, react to information, etc. Our system analyze all the data to prepare the Dashboard for parents and educators to provide an understanding of the player’s EF profile.